C语言实现快速傅里叶变换的算法

快速傅立叶/余弦/正弦变换
尺寸:一个
数据长度:2的幂
抽取:频率
基数:4,2

函数:

cdft:复数离散傅立叶变换
rdft:实离散傅里叶变换
ddct:离散余弦变换
ddst:离散正弦变换
dfct:RDFT(实对称DFT)的余弦变换
dfst:RDFT(实反对称DFT)的正弦变换

函数原型:

void cdft(int, int, double *, int *, double *);      // 复数离散傅立叶变换
void rdft(int, int, double *, int *, double *);      // 实离散傅里叶变换
void ddct(int, int, double *, int *, double *);      // 离散余弦变换
void ddst(int, int, double *, int *, double *);      // 离散正弦变换
void dfct(int, double *, double *, int *, double *); // 实对称DFT
void dfst(int, double *, double *, int *, double *); // 实反对称DFT
void cdft(int n, int isgn, double *a, int *ip, double *w)
{
    
    if (n > (ip[0] << 2)) {
        makewt(n >> 2, ip, w);
    }
    if (n > 4) {
        if (isgn >= 0) {
            bitrv2(n, ip + 2, a);
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
        } else {
            bitrv2conj(n, ip + 2, a);
            cftbsub(n, a, w);
        }
    } else if (n == 4) {
        cftfsub(n, a, w);
    }
}

void rdft(int n, int isgn, double *a, int *ip, double *w)
{
    int nw, nc;
    double xi;
    
    nw = ip[0];
    if (n > (nw << 2)) {
        nw = n >> 2;
        makewt(nw, ip, w);
    }
    nc = ip[1];
    if (n > (nc << 2)) {
        nc = n >> 2;
        makect(nc, ip, w + nw);
    }
    if (isgn >= 0) {
        if (n > 4) {
            bitrv2(n, ip + 2, a);
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
            rftfsub(n, a, nc, w + nw);
        } else if (n == 4) {
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
        }
        xi = a[0] - a[1];
        a[0] += a[1];
        a[1] = xi;
    } else {
        a[1] = 0.5 * (a[0] - a[1]);
        a[0] -= a[1];
        if (n > 4) {
            rftbsub(n, a, nc, w + nw);
            bitrv2(n, ip + 2, a);
            cftbsub(n, a, w);
        } else if (n == 4) {
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
        }
    }
}


void ddct(int n, int isgn, double *a, int *ip, double *w)
{
    int j, nw, nc;
    double xr;
    
    nw = ip[0];
    if (n > (nw << 2)) {
        nw = n >> 2;
        makewt(nw, ip, w);
    }
    nc = ip[1];
    if (n > nc) {
        nc = n;
        makect(nc, ip, w + nw);
    }
    if (isgn < 0) {
        xr = a[n - 1];
        for (j = n - 2; j >= 2; j -= 2) {
            a[j + 1] = a[j] - a[j - 1];
            a[j] += a[j - 1];
        }
        a[1] = a[0] - xr;
        a[0] += xr;
        if (n > 4) {
            rftbsub(n, a, nc, w + nw);
            bitrv2(n, ip + 2, a);
            cftbsub(n, a, w);
        } else if (n == 4) {
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
        }
    }
    dctsub(n, a, nc, w + nw);
    if (isgn >= 0) {
        if (n > 4) {
            bitrv2(n, ip + 2, a);
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
            rftfsub(n, a, nc, w + nw);
        } else if (n == 4) {
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
        }
        xr = a[0] - a[1];
        a[0] += a[1];
        for (j = 2; j < n; j += 2) {
            a[j - 1] = a[j] - a[j + 1];
            a[j] += a[j + 1];
        }
        a[n - 1] = xr;
    }
}


void ddst(int n, int isgn, double *a, int *ip, double *w)
{
    
    int j, nw, nc;
    double xr;
    
    nw = ip[0];
    if (n > (nw << 2)) {
        nw = n >> 2;
        makewt(nw, ip, w);
    }
    nc = ip[1];
    if (n > nc) {
        nc = n;
        makect(nc, ip, w + nw);
    }
    if (isgn < 0) {
        xr = a[n - 1];
        for (j = n - 2; j >= 2; j -= 2) {
            a[j + 1] = -a[j] - a[j - 1];
            a[j] -= a[j - 1];
        }
        a[1] = a[0] + xr;
        a[0] -= xr;
        if (n > 4) {
            rftbsub(n, a, nc, w + nw);
            bitrv2(n, ip + 2, a);
            cftbsub(n, a, w);
        } else if (n == 4) {
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
        }
    }
    dstsub(n, a, nc, w + nw);
    if (isgn >= 0) {
        if (n > 4) {
            bitrv2(n, ip + 2, a);
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
            rftfsub(n, a, nc, w + nw);
        } else if (n == 4) {
            cftfsub(n, a, w);
        }
        xr = a[0] - a[1];
        a[0] += a[1];
        for (j = 2; j < n; j += 2) {
            a[j - 1] = -a[j] - a[j + 1];
            a[j] -= a[j + 1];
        }
        a[n - 1] = -xr;
    }
}


void dfct(int n, double *a, double *t, int *ip, double *w)
{
    int j, k, l, m, mh, nw, nc;
    double xr, xi, yr, yi;
    
    nw = ip[0];
    if (n > (nw << 3)) {
        nw = n >> 3;
        makewt(nw, ip, w);
    }
    nc = ip[1];
    if (n > (nc << 1)) {
        nc = n >> 1;
        makect(nc, ip, w + nw);
    }
    m = n >> 1;
    yi = a[m];
    xi = a[0] + a[n];
    a[0] -= a[n];
    t[0] = xi - yi;
    t[m] = xi + yi;
    if (n > 2) {
        mh = m >> 1;
        for (j = 1; j < mh; j++) {
            k = m - j;
            xr = a[j] - a[n - j];
            xi = a[j] + a[n - j];
            yr = a[k] - a[n - k];
            yi = a[k] + a[n - k];
            a[j] = xr;
            a[k] = yr;
            t[j] = xi - yi;
            t[k] = xi + yi;
        }
        t[mh] = a[mh] + a[n - mh];
        a[mh] -= a[n - mh];
        dctsub(m, a, nc, w + nw);
        if (m > 4) {
            bitrv2(m, ip + 2, a);
            cftfsub(m, a, w);
            rftfsub(m, a, nc, w + nw);
        } else if (m == 4) {
            cftfsub(m, a, w);
        }
        a[n - 1] = a[0] - a[1];
        a[1] = a[0] + a[1];
        for (j = m - 2; j >= 2; j -= 2) {
            a[2 * j + 1] = a[j] + a[j + 1];
            a[2 * j - 1] = a[j] - a[j + 1];
        }
        l = 2;
        m = mh;
        while (m >= 2) {
            dctsub(m, t, nc, w + nw);
            if (m > 4) {
                bitrv2(m, ip + 2, t);
                cftfsub(m, t, w);
                rftfsub(m, t, nc, w + nw);
            } else if (m == 4) {
                cftfsub(m, t, w);
            }
            a[n - l] = t[0] - t[1];
            a[l] = t[0] + t[1];
            k = 0;
            for (j = 2; j < m; j += 2) {
                k += l << 2;
                a[k - l] = t[j] - t[j + 1];
                a[k + l] = t[j] + t[j + 1];
            }
            l <<= 1;
            mh = m >> 1;
            for (j = 0; j < mh; j++) {
                k = m - j;
                t[j] = t[m + k] - t[m + j];
                t[k] = t[m + k] + t[m + j];
            }
            t[mh] = t[m + mh];
            m = mh;
        }
        a[l] = t[0];
        a[n] = t[2] - t[1];
        a[0] = t[2] + t[1];
    } else {
        a[1] = a[0];
        a[2] = t[0];
        a[0] = t[1];
    }
}


void dfst(int n, double *a, double *t, int *ip, double *w)
{
    int j, k, l, m, mh, nw, nc;
    double xr, xi, yr, yi;
    
    nw = ip[0];
    if (n > (nw << 3)) {
        nw = n >> 3;
        makewt(nw, ip, w);
    }
    nc = ip[1];
    if (n > (nc << 1)) {
        nc = n >> 1;
        makect(nc, ip, w + nw);
    }
    if (n > 2) {
        m = n >> 1;
        mh = m >> 1;
        for (j = 1; j < mh; j++) {
            k = m - j;
            xr = a[j] + a[n - j];
            xi = a[j] - a[n - j];
            yr = a[k] + a[n - k];
            yi = a[k] - a[n - k];
            a[j] = xr;
            a[k] = yr;
            t[j] = xi + yi;
            t[k] = xi - yi;
        }
        t[0] = a[mh] - a[n - mh];
        a[mh] += a[n - mh];
        a[0] = a[m];
        dstsub(m, a, nc, w + nw);
        if (m > 4) {
            bitrv2(m, ip + 2, a);
            cftfsub(m, a, w);
            rftfsub(m, a, nc, w + nw);
        } else if (m == 4) {
            cftfsub(m, a, w);
        }
        a[n - 1] = a[1] - a[0];
        a[1] = a[0] + a[1];
        for (j = m - 2; j >= 2; j -= 2) {
            a[2 * j + 1] = a[j] - a[j + 1];
            a[2 * j - 1] = -a[j] - a[j + 1];
        }
        l = 2;
        m = mh;
        while (m >= 2) {
            dstsub(m, t, nc, w + nw);
            if (m > 4) {
                bitrv2(m, ip + 2, t);
                cftfsub(m, t, w);
                rftfsub(m, t, nc, w + nw);
            } else if (m == 4) {
                cftfsub(m, t, w);
            }
            a[n - l] = t[1] - t[0];
            a[l] = t[0] + t[1];
            k = 0;
            for (j = 2; j < m; j += 2) {
                k += l << 2;
                a[k - l] = -t[j] - t[j + 1];
                a[k + l] = t[j] - t[j + 1];
            }
            l <<= 1;
            mh = m >> 1;
            for (j = 1; j < mh; j++) {
                k = m - j;
                t[j] = t[m + k] + t[m + j];
                t[k] = t[m + k] - t[m + j];
            }
            t[0] = t[m + mh];
            m = mh;
        }
        a[l] = t[0];
    }
    a[0] = 0;
}

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